Clinical Evaluation and Surgeries for snoring and sleep Apnoea

Sleep is vital for good health. Experts recommend a minimum of seven to eight hours of sleep per night for most adults; a lack of sleep can affect your hormone levels, mood, weight, and work or school performance and may result in physical, mental, social, and emotional problems. Reaching that goal is difficult for many, thanks to the growing prevalence of sleep disorders.

What’s a Sleep Disorder?

Sleep disorders are conditions that prevent you from sleeping well regularly.

You can’t sleep if you can’t breathe, so call Dr. SHALINA RAY, the best ENT specialist in Bangalore, today for better breathing.

Diagnosing and treating a sleep disorder is essential in preventing more serious health problems from occurring. Most patients must undergo a polysomnography (sleep study) conducted in a sleep lab or at home.
With such many recognized sleep disorders, there are many different causes. These include allergies and colds, chronic diseases, pain, stress and anxiety, work schedules, and more. Treatment depends on the condition but typically involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Surgery may be an option for certain breathing-related disorders, such as snoring with or without OSA.

Sleep apnoea

Sleep apnoea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. You might have sleep apnoea if you snore loudly and feel tired even after a whole night’s sleep.


Most ENTs start with restoring proper breathing during the day and night. Many times this ends the sleep apnoea without using any special devices.

The examine may order imaging tests to look at your airways. Your nasal passages (including the turbinates and septum) and sinuses will be examined to make sure they are not causing an obstruction.

If you still have tonsils or adenoids, they will be examined to ensure they do not obstruct your breathing.

The uvula and soft palate will be examined to determine if they are causing an obstruction.

If any of these structures are the source of the obstruction, the ENT will remove the obstruction and restore free breathing. Not only will this help during the night, but you will also breathe better during the day.
Sleep apnoea surgical treatments by ENTs

If the septum (the bit of bone and cartilage between the nostrils) is not straight, a septoplasty can be performed to straighten the septum and correct your breathing.

If the turbinates are enlarged, the ENT can reduce their size using radiofrequency energy to burn bits of tissue away.

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery: Polyps in the nose or sinuses can be removed with functional endoscopic sinus surgery. These grape-like structures cause breathing problems day and night.

Somnoplasty also uses radiofrequency energy or coblation device to reduce tissue in the uvula or soft palate.

Tonsils and adenoids can be removed for better breathing.


Snoring is caused by the vibrating movement of the uvula and the soft palate located in the roof of the mouth. The uvula is the small tissue mass hanging down from the middle of the soft palate. When a person sleeps, the uvula and soft palate relax, and vibrating movements occur, causing the snoring sound. Approximately 40 percent of men and only 30 percent of women snore. Doctors are not sure why more men snore than women do.

Symptoms and Signs

Many times, snoring occurs in the presence of other signs and symptoms. These are indicators that there could be an underlying health condition that a sleep specialist should treat. Some symptoms and signs to look for include:

There are many treatment options available for people who snore. CPAP is the most common treatment, and it is used by hundreds of people who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. A CPAP device involves a mask worn over the nose and mouth connected to a machine that delivers a positive amount of pressure. This is done to keep the airway open.

We offer Minimally Invasive Procedures that can address and often remedy some of the underlying causes of snoring. These include:

Snoring does not have to be an issue in your life. There are plenty of solutions and options to help you stop snoring. If you are experiencing any symptoms and signs associated with snoring, consider an evaluation with Dr. Shalina.

Dr. SHALINA RAY, the best ENT specialist in Bangalore, is standing by to provide you with the best sleep care!

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